Rivers laden with iron oxide are like arteries of blood flowing to the sea in northwestern Madagascar. The red color is not exaggerated in this image taken from a low-flying plane, and is like no other color we have ever seen in a river. The land is fast disappearing as it washes away from exposed, deforested areas. An exploding human population is clearing the land of its native forests, mostly by burning. A smoky haze from burning vegetation fills the air.
© Gregory G. and Mary Beth Dimijian